Best Bond Alternatives

Best Bond Alternatives

Best Bond Alternatives and Bond Fund Alternatives 

What is the best bond alternative? Bond alternatives are an interesting consideration give the low interest rate environment.

If you have de-risked from your accumulation portfolio, you likely have quite a bit of money invested in bonds. Are there any alternatives to bond funds worth considering?

Fixed income, as an investment class, includes bonds, cash, and other assets. What are the options for fixed income investing and what are the best alternatives to bonds one may consider?

Why Bonds in Your Portfolio?

Before we begin, why do you have bonds in your portfolio?

Bonds do three things:

  • Ballast- They provide ballast to the portfolio price stability. Most of the time, you expect return of your principle at the end of the term
  • Income- Bonds pay out twice a year until maturity. Interest rates are currently low, which is why some people are seeking bond alternatives
  • Diversification- Bonds are less correlated than other asset classes with equities. When the stock market takes a hit, often times bonds increase in price which can offset the losses depending on your asset allocation

So, why have bonds?

Instead of worrying about income, think about ballast and diversification. Fixed income investing is not about income anymore!

Fixed Income Investing is not about Income

Not infrequently, those in retirement seek to replace their biweekly income. Retirement planning, after all, is all about creating retirement income from your assets.

Should you try to pay for the expenses during retirement via dividends and other income from your portfolio? No! I argue income is not necessary from your retirement portfolio; it is total return that is most important. Let’s not get into the discussion about yield vs. total return too much here. Suffice it to say that, for the most part, they are two sides of the same coin.

Focusing on yield, however, can lead to yield chasing. Chasing yield implies you are taking on more risk than your realize because you believe you need to creating income with your portfolio.

Do not chase risk! Take risk in your risky assets and be safe with your safe assets!

Chasing yield is dangerous. Increasing risk to get income is a losing proposition.

Bonds are not for yield, they are for protection.

Not everyone will agree with me. That’s fine, but consider what risk you are taking in your portfolio and if you need to take that risk to meet your goals in retirement. If you need risk to meet your retirement goals, then we have other issues to worry about.

Let’s transition now and discuss the basics of fixed income. What are your options when it comes to the bonds portion of your portfolio?

What are the Best Bond Alternatives?

Before we get to what the best bond alternatives are, what are bonds? Here are some examples:

  • Treasury Bills- Short-term, these treasury bills mature within one year and do not pay coupons. You buy the bill at a price less than its face value and earn that difference at the maturity.
  • Treasury Notes- Notes mature between 2 and 10 years and usually have a $1,000 face value.
  • Treasury Bonds- Similar to the T-notes except treasury bonds have longer maturities, up to 30 years.
  • TIPs (Treasure Inflation-Protected Securities)- The principal adjusts with inflation and deflation, thus protecting you from inflation. Coupon payments tend to be lower with TIPs. TIPs have duration, too, which is important to consider.
  • I-Bonds- There is a surge of interest in I-bonds lately given inflation concerns. The major limit is you can only buy 10k per year per social security number. Right now, I-Bonds deserve consideration for the best bond fund alternatives.
  • Municipal Bonds- Backed by a state, municipality, or county to finances capital expenditures. Muni bonds offer federal tax-free payments, and they can be tax free in your state as well. These might go in your brokerage account if you have a high tax rate.
  • Corporate Bonds- A loan to a company, the price and interest rate depends on the company’s financial stability. If the corporation goes under, you can suffer risk of your principle.
  • High Yield Bonds- Also known as Junk bonds, these have a higher risk of default thus pay extra.
  • CDs- Certificate of Deposits are fixed income offered by banks that have FDIC protection.
  • Fixed-Income Mutual Funds or ETFs- Finally, most of the above products can be wrapped into a mutual fund or ETF. These are “bond funds.”

Best Bond Alternatives

So, if you are not interested in chasing yield, but instead want the other benefits from fixed income, what to do? Remember, diversification through decreased correlation with the stock market and ballast to limit losses on your portfolio is the name of the game.

best bond alternatives

Above, you can see one view of the alternative investment world, from which we can pick the best bond alternatives. Many above are stock-equivalents. What are bond equivalents and thus a possible best bond alternative?

What are options for the best bond alternatives? Consider real estate, insurance products, buffered ETFs and some miscellaneous ideas (Ag and wine). 

 

Real Estate as Bond Fund Alternatives

First off, if you owe money via a mortgage, paying your mortgage off may be the best bond alternative out there!

This is because debt is like a negative bond. As you pay off debt, you increase your exposure to bonds. Another way to say this: if you own equities yet are in debt, you are using leverage to buy those equities. You may have more risk than you think!

REITs are another alternative to bonds. REITs do pay more income than bonds, but tend to act like equities and be very volatile when the market is also volatile. Most folks consider REITs part of their equity allocation, though you could include it as your real estate allocation or even as a type of bond alternative.

Real estate can also be a bond alternative either through active or passive investments. This is a broad subject. Entire websites are devoted to delving into the intricacies of real estate as an alternative investment. 

Insurance Products as Bond Fund Alternatives

Insurance products offer risk pooling and are a strong consideration as a bond alternative. You can chose from life insurance and annuities.

Permanent Life Insurance

There are many different types of permanent life insurance, and you should probably stay away from these complicated and expensive products unless you have a specific need for permanent life insurance.

What are your options?

Whole Life Insurance

Whole Life is the best insurance option as a bond alternative. This is because Whole Life is actually truly non-correlated with stock market returns. Thought the return on investment may be low, there is a guaranteed return on whole life and the ability to make extra returns through paid up additions and dividends on the mutual company. If you seek diversification from stocks and bonds (and you have a need for permanent life insurance), explore options in Whole Life insurance. 

Universal Life

Universal Life is NOT as good of a bond alternative as Whole Life. This is because, first off, variable universal life invests in equities. Sure, there are “guaranteed” returns in your fictional account that may be tied to income riders, but, man, that gets my head spinning with complexity.

Next, Fixed Indexed products depend on fixed income for the floor. Why not just own the fixed income yourself?  Options on equity returns allow for the “extra” return that salesmen pitch. Well, if interest rates are low, there is not much extra to pay for the options, so expect caps and spreads (which can be changed at any time by the insurance company) to go down with decreasing interest rates. If you are going to invest in a Fixed Indexed Life insurance product, you might as well use a structured product.

Structured Products

Structured Products are complicated and should not be used as a hedge. These are not good alternatives to fixed income. Speaking of complexity, try to actually understand one of these products.

Annuities as Bond Alternatives

Annuities are strong contenders as fixed income alternatives. Unfortunately, there are many different types!

SPIAs

Single Premium Immediate Annuities can be used to provide floor income and thus obviate the need for bonds. They are a strong contender as a bond alternative.

DIAs

Deferred income Annuities offer longevity protection. Consider a QLAC if you have a large IRA. Otherwise, annuities are affected by interest rates so DIAs are not screaming deals right now.

MYGA

Multi Year Guaranteed Annuities are also interesting, but subject to low interest rates as well. If you are considering a bond ladder, consider MYGAs as rungs in your ladder. I think more traditional DIY investors should get to know MYGAs. These products are not sold to you, you have to go out looking for one to buy. If you have money you need back in a few years, consider a MYGA instead of leaving the money instead of a high yield savings account. Of course, you need to be 60 to avoid a 10% penalty for “early withdrawal” in these products.

FIAs

Fixed Indexed Annuities may be a decent alternative to bonds. However, buyer beware, and prepare to spend many hours understanding these complicated and expensive products. Income riders can offer bond-like annuity or non-annuity income for future income needs. If you know you want income in the future from an annuity, a FIA is a consideration. Buyer beware, however, as these may suffer from low caps and high spreads given low interest rates.

RILAs

The newest fancy expensive annuity on the block, are you being sold a RILA Annuity? If so, make sure you understand how similar this is to a structured product, and that you can get this without the annuity wrapper with a buffered ETF.

VAs

Variable Annuities are garbage and should not be considered as bond alternatives. There, I said it.

ETCs

There are other insurance products such as viatical settlements, reinsurance, etc that are also possible fixed income alternatives. If you want those, be ready to deal with risk with a side of illiquidity. 

Pensions are the Best Bond Alterative

Pensions are a great alternative to bonds. If you have a pension, you can view that as part of your floor expenses, and reduce your bond exposure accordingly.

Social Security

Social Security is perhaps the best bond alternative. Understand how to Maximize your Social Security and have guaranteed, lifelong income that is better than any fixed income alternative. You can understand your SS bend points in order to maximize your social security.

Best Bond Alternative: Fine Wine

What about Fine Wine as an bond alternative? 

Is Wine an Investment?

Generally, wine and wives get better with age. In addition, both become scarcer over time. Wine because people consume it, and wives because they like to spend more time with their horses than husbands.

But think about this: if something gets better yet scarcer over time, that seems like a good set up for price appreciation. With investment grade wine, the goal is to buy low and sell high.

Investment grade wine can be purchased and stored with the intent of selling it later for others consumption. There is a thriving marketplace for investment grade wine, and there are several options for wine investing.

Why Invest In Wines?

What about wine as the best bond alternative? We seek diversification and non-correlation with the stock market. Wine has a 12-20% annualized return over the decades and is not correlated with the stock market.

If the market crashes, there may be fever rich people to buy your wine. Nevertheless, prices over the long term increase as wine is consumed. And honestly, the rich know better than to be hurt too badly by market crashes… and have plenty to spend on good wine even during economic downturns.

I believe wine is a bond-replacement. You might get better returns than bonds with a risk that is non-correlated with stock or bond market risk. What! Didn’t you say wine returns 12-20% a year?!? Yes, that is pre-tax and before fees.

As risks are uncorrelated with stock and bond market risk, I suggest that when you invest in wine, you use your bond allocation to do so. In fact, 1-5% of your bond portfolio might be in aged crushed grapes. How sweet is that?

How Do I start Investing in Wine

Ok, now that you are sold on wine as an asset class, how can you invest?

Individual Equities

Consider names such as Constellation Brands, Truett-Hurst or Diageo. Also, Williamette Valley Vineyards is a US company for consideration.

Buy Bottles Yourself

Another option is to buy wine bottles and store them. Doing so you will get tax benefits such as depreciation and deductions for carrying costs. See your CPA for discussion.

Use a Wine Investment Company

I chose Vinovest. (Note, this is not an affiliate link but I may have reduced account fees if you use this link to invest.)

Check out the website. Pretty slick! Vinovest is an on-line platform and a one-stop-shop for wine investing. They research, authenticate, buy and store wine for you. What they buy depends on your risk profile and expected holding duration.

After purchase, your wine is stored in professional storage facilities, and they insure your wine as well.

Vinovest also provides a secondary market place so your investment is actually liquid. As I recommend you use wine investing as a bond-alternative of modest duration, the liquidity is a bonus.

Best Bond Alternative: Farmland

The idea behind alternative investing: own assets not correlated with your other investments. When the stock market crashes, your overall portfolio may be sheltered through alternative investments. Or, maybe the market has a bad decade… wouldn’t it be nice to own something not linked to market returns?

Alternative investments have a different risk-return profile and might provide an improved risk-adjusted return. As they say, don’t put all your eggs in one basket.

Farmland is non-correlated and a best bond alternative.

Farmland as a bond fund alternative

After all, they are not making any more productive land!

Options to consider: AcreTrader, FarmTogether, FarmFundr, Farmland LP and Harvest Returns.

Farmland is a lower risk investment that should be considered as a bond alternative investment. It tends to increase in value over the long-term, and is a real asset ultimately limited in supply

Misc. Consideration for Bond Fund Alternatives

Preferred Stock- Likely as risky as stocks when the market is headed down, but not infrequently used for income.

Managed Payout Funds – Also, likely to be avoided as they trade thinly. Did I hear that Vanguard is getting rid of theirs?

Additional considerations include: Floating Rate Loans, Private Equity, Senior Loans, Mezzanine debt, Farm land, raw land, timber, Commodities, Gold, Hedge Funds, and Private Equity. 

The Best Bond Alternative of All

The best bond alternative– have you herd of structured ETFs? Check them out. With all the advantages of FIA, RILAs or FILAs without the annuity chassis, structured ETFs are the best bond alternative out there today.

If you are looking for principal protection and bond-like returns, buffered ETFs may be the way to go.

Conclusion Best Bond Alternatives

So, what is the best alternative to bonds?

There is nothing equivalent to a good asset allocation for retirement. When you have won the game, go conservative.

If you must invest in alternatives to bonds, remember, don’t reach for yield. The point of fixed income is the stability and diversification. Don’t become mired on the mirage of income!

Real estate, income annuities, and perhaps Whole Life insurance might be your best bet for uncorrelated returns. Farmland and Wine are interesting possibilities. The best bond alternatives, however, are buffered ETFs.

Never forget about pensions and social security, which are bond alternative gold.

 

Best book about bond alternatives and alternative assets in general

 

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